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a statment of achivment

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???? a statment of achivment

مُساهمة من طرف زهرة الاسلام في 2013-03-19, 16:29

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Introduction

The Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Peace Prize is an international prize which is awarded annually by the Norwegian Nobel Committee according to guidelines laid down in Alfred Nobel's will. The Peace Prize is one of five prizes that have been awarded annually since 1901 under the auspices of the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm for outstanding contributions in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. Starting in 1969, a Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel has also been awarded.
Whereas the other prizes are awarded by specialist committees based in Sweden, the Peace Prize is awarded by a committee appointed by the Norwegian Storting. According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize is to go to whoever "shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses". The prize includes a medal, a personal diploma, and a large sum of prize money (currently 10 million Swedish crowns).
The Nobel Peace Prize has been called "the world's most prestigious prize". With the award to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman in 2011, a total of 101 individuals and 23 organizations have been awarded the Peace Prize. The Prize is awarded at a ceremony in the Oslo City Hall on December 10, the date on which Alfred Nobel died.




I- A checklist of the Nobel Peace Prize winners over the past ten years
2000
Kim Dae Jung
South Korea
"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"
2001
United Nations
"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"
Kofi Annan
Ghana
2002
Jimmy Carter
United States
"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
2003
Shirin Ebadi
Iran
"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."
2004
Wangari Muta Maathai
Kenya
"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"
2005
International Atomic Energy Agency
Austria
"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"
Mohamed ElBaradei
Egypt
2006
Muhammad Yunus
Bangladesh
"for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"
Grameen Bank
Bangladesh
2007
Al Gore
United States
"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Switzerland
2008
Martti Ahtisaari
Finland
"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"
2009
Barack Obama
United States
"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."

2010 Liu Xiaobo
China
2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman
2012
The European Union (EU)
Two biographies about two Nobel Peace Prize winners
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States (1977–1981) and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office. Before he became President, Carter served as a U.S. Naval officer, was a peanut farmer, served two terms as a Georgia State Senator and one as Governor of Georgia (1971–1975)
Liu Xiaobo (born 28 December 1955) is a Chinese literary critic, writer, professor, and human rights activist who called for political reforms and the end of communist single-party rule in China. He is currently incarcerated as a political prisoner in China. During his fourth prison term, he was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for "his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China."

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تاريخ التسجيل : 04/04/2012

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